POLAND ( POLSKA) lies in the very heart of the European continent. From the North it borders upon Russia (216 km), from the East – upon Lithuania (99 km), Belarus (420 km) and Ukraine (509 km), from the South – upon Slovakia (540 km) and the Czech Republic (720) and from the West – upon Germany (467 km). The length of the sea frontier running along the Baltic Sea amounts to 528 km. Poland has an area totaling 312.685 km sq. puts it on the 9th place in Europe.
Poland is basically a lowland country with the average elevation of land amounting to some 170 meters above sea level. There are regions in Poland where one can find picturesque hills. Rysy, the highest peak of the mountains in the South of Poland rises 2,499 metros above sea level. Poland has a temperate climate. Spring usually begins in April. Autumn falls in October and November.
Poland at a glance
Official name: Republic of Poland, short form: Poland; in Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska, short form: Polska.
Official language: Polish.
Political system: Parliamentary Republic (multi-party democracy with a two-chamber parliament and a president).
Location: Central Europe. Poland borders Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia (the Kaliningrad enclave). Its northern border (440 km long) runs along the Baltic Sea coast.
Capital city: Warsaw, in Polish: Warszawa – population 1.7 million, Warsaw agglomeration – 2.5 million.
Major cities: Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Lublin, Katowice, Białystok.
Area: 312 685 sq. km. Poland is the ninth largest country in Europe (excluding Russia), and the sixth largest in the European Union.
Population: 38 million. Poland has the seventh largest population in Europe (excluding Russia), and the sixth largest in the European Union.
Time zone: Poland belongs to the Central European time zone
(GMT + 1 hour / UTC + 1 hour), except for between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October, when it switches to Daylight Saving Time.
Climate: The Polish climate is moderately continental, with relatively cold winters (from December to March) and a hot summer, which extends from June to August. January average temperatures -5°C (23°F) to – 1°C (30°F). July and August average temperatures range from 16.5°C (62°F) to 19°C (65°F), although on some days the temperature can reach 35°C (95°F).
Highest mountain: Rysy – 2499 m, located in the Polish Tatras. currency: 1 złoty (PLN) = 100 groszy (current exchange rates: www.nbp.pl).
Dialling code: + 48
Internet domain: .pl
Economy: Poland’s high-income economy is considered one of the healthiest of the post-communist countries and is currently one of the fastest growing within the EU.
International organizations: Poland is a member of the European Union (EU), the Schengen Area, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), United Nations Organization (UN), International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organization (WHO), World Trade Organization (WTO), Organization for Cooperation and Development (OECD) and many others.